Critics of Great Britain’s June 23 decision to leave the European Union cite many reasons and much research to support their opposition.

Ongoing economic uncertainty usually tops the list, especially in Great Britain’s international banking, insurance, and reinsurance communities.

EU net positive investment in Britain’s cities, infrastructure, research and education, not to mention the EU’s 44% share of all British export trade stands at risk.

No one knows when (or some say, if) the new British Conservative Prime Minister Theresa May (who opposed Brexit) will trigger Article 50  of the Lisbon Treaty, officially beginning the two-year process of formal “Brexit.”

Supporters of Brexit promise they (or someone, since they’ve all bailed out) will make “great deals” on Britain’s behalf.

Sound familiar?

Brexit also encourages others to follow Britain’s lead, threatening a noble project arguably begun after the defeat of Napoleon, renewed after the bloody carnage of World War; and slowly brought to fruition after the horrors of the Great Depression and the holocausts of World War Two.

The most damning critique of Brexit and the rhetoric of its political proponents, however, are ethical, and British Conservatives are, in many instances, the most articulate critics.

To cite but one example: on July 22, the Political Editor of the British national daily, The Guardian,  quoted a British conservative member of the House of Lords, “Politicians have allowed xenophobia, Islamophobia and anti-semitism to enter the mainstream as a result of their toxzi and divisive campaigning.  . . . “

“The Conservative peer and former party co-chair,” Anuska Astahna continued, “ told the Guardian she was deeply worried about the current politacl climate, claiming a surge of “respectable” racism was feeding the far right . . . and had helped create a climate in which people feel it is acceptable to tell long-established British communities, “It’s time for you to leave.”

The peer, Sayeeda Warsi, Baroness Warsi, is the daughter of a Pakistani immigrant, who started life as a mill worker and bus driver and through hard work and wise investment became the owner of a highly successful furniture manufacturing plant.

Sound familiar?

The proponents of Brexit played to the same fears and exploited the same sense of desperation that have, since time immemorial, been the bread and butter of demagogues large and small.

And like Trump in the US, no one who led the fight for Brexit in Great Britain seemed either willing or prepared to assume responsibility to manage the fruits of their “victory.”

Britain’s new Conservatve Prime Minister , Theresa May, promises that Brexit means Brexit.

We’ll see.

The best outcome the Island Nation can hope for?   Perhaps Norway’s arrangement with the Union, not a member, but a treaty partner who must allow the free movement of citizens of EU countries in and out of their country, and obey EU rules regulations governing, among other thins,  trade-goods and services.

Lady Marsi arguably believes the Brexit movement has sown the dragon’s teeth.

She’s wrong.

Brexit, like Trump, is the harvest of the persistent seeds of racism, planted in ground plowed by fear, and watered by greed.

 It is a bitter fruit from a vine that grows in dark places.